x

NATIONAL SCULPTURE MUSEUM

Valladolid, Spain 2000-2009

x

NATIONAL SCULPTURE MUSEUM

Valladolid, Spain 2000-2009

Architectural interventions in historical buildings are all pervaded by a common factor: the relationship between architecture and time. When facing the transformation of a complex with a heritage and artistic value like the College of San Gregorio -now the National Sculpture Museum- we become aware of its temporality and its historical reality linked, in the first instance, to the process of the conception, development, and construction of the project, and in the second instance, to its relationship with the original work and the traces left by subsequent interventions. The main difficulty lies in determining the degree to which our project -temporary in the sense that it addresses current functional and technical needs- blends into a historical time that houses the memory of multiple previous transformations. Though the old convent of the Dominican Order, a museum since 1932, had undergone multiple expansions, demolitions, and replacements over the years, certain major contours remain, certain points of cohesion that have remained unchanged up to today, and which provide the basis for this work. The College of San Gregorio, one of the most noteworthy monuments of Valladolid, an example of late Gothic of the end of the fifteenth century, has preserved, in effect, the formal structure of its main architectural elements: the carved stone façade portal with the adjacent courtyard, the cloister, and the annex chapel. All of these, in their current state, reflect the building’s life, the episodes of a past that, far from freezing at a specific moment in time, have adapted with varying success to the different uses assigned to the building -school, jail, administration, museum- as well as to the evolution of building methods and technical installations.
In contrast to newly built works, whose material execution is less determined by outside circumstances, with interventions in a historical monument it is sometimes the process itself that allows us to understand the problem while developing and building the project. In other words, in the restoration of the College of San Gregorio the original project was enhanced gradually, adapting to unforeseen circumstances, incorporating the knowledge of specialists, and including unexpected findings. Just as it happens in the multiple images of a retable, like those displayed in the National Sculpture Museum, the different architectural interventions recompose with different degrees of intensity an overall portrait that is only understood when perceived as a whole. In the main building surrounding the cloister -which had already been restored in the nineteenth century- the clarity of the original formal structure and the artistic value of many of its architectural elements, such as the coffering and the carved stone walls, suggested a careful preservation and restoration with very few alterations, responding to the need to accommodate the mechanical installations and reorganize the circulation and exhibition areas of the museum. In the Edificio de las Azoteas (“terraces building”), so named because it originally incorporated elevated volumes that emerged from the other structures, the transformation is greater. Here, a staggered section introduces natural light into the galleries where the polychrome sculpture pieces of the collection are displayed. Lastly, a small pavilion of copper and wood, built over the footprint of what used to be the metaphysics lecture hall of the old school, centralizes the access routes to the complex, while its own contemporary character and materials express the conflict that any new work must face regarding history.
The Romantic view of the modern architect as the sole intellectual author of a given project is blurred when enlarging a monument from the past, conceived by others and modified over the centuries. At that moment it becomes evident that our task is readily limited to researching into the sense of the present and the record of the past, to the pursuit of a difficult balance in which the temporality of the new intervention and its historical reality blend into a work that belongs to us just as much as we belong to it.
  
x

NATIONAL SCULPTURE MUSEUM

Valladolid, Spain 2000-2009

Location
Valladolid, Spain
Client
Ministry of Culture
Architects
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano
Program
Restoration and museum expansion of a fifteenth-century building
Total floor area
7.499 m2
Project architect
Pedro Quero
Project team
Carlos Ballesteros, Denis Bouvier, Ernesto Garcia Piza, Luis Labrandero, Vanessa Perelló, Juan Carlos Redondo
Site supervision
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano
Miguel Mesas Izquierdo
Structural engineer
N.B.35, S.L.
Mechanical engineer
Geasyt, S.A.
Museographic projetc
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano
Museographic projetc architects
Ernesto García, Luis Labrandero
Models
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Juan de Dios Hernández - Jesús Rey
Photographs
Aurofoto, S.L. (models)
Roland Halbe  
Project dates
Competition: 2000
Design: 2001
Completion: 2009
x

NATIONAL SCULPTURE MUSEUM

Valladolid, Spain 2000-2009

Monograph TC CUADERNOS nº 131/132. 2017
Published by General de Ediciones de Arquitectura. Valencia, Spain
ISBN: 978-84-947421-4-9 
Page: 30 – 51
 
Monograph NS. 2014
Fuensanta Nieto Enrique Sobejano Architetture
Published by Electa Architecttura. Milan, Italy
Authors: Fuensanta Nieto & Enrique Sobejano
ISBN: 978-88-9180-228-6
Page: 48 – 53
 
Monograph NIETO SOBEJANO. MEMORY AND INVENTION. 2013
Published by Hatje Cantz Verlag. Ostfildern, Germany
Authors: Fuensanta Nieto & Enrique Sobejano
ISBN: 978-3-7757-3619-0
Page: 110 – 127 
 
Magazine SPEECH nº 10. 2013
Published by SPEECH Tchoban & Kuznetsov. Moscow, Russia
ISBN: 978-3-86922-071-0
Article: You have to find a balance. Interview Enrique sobejano
Author: David Cohn
Page: 197 – 225
 
Magazine ARKITEKTEN nº 07. Vol 112. 2010
Published by Arkitektens Forlag. Copenhagen, Denmark
ISSN: 0004-198X
Article: Hvad Kan Robusthed?
Author: Michael Asgaard Andersen
Page: 38 – 39
 
Magazine CASABELLA nº 787. 2010
Published by Arnoldo Mondadori. Milan, Italy
ISSN: 0008-7181
Article: Tra le pieghe della storia
Author: Marco Biagi
Page: 59 – 70
 
Magazine DETAIL nº 11. 2009
Published by Institut für internationale Architektu - Dokumentation GmbH & Co. KG. Munich, Germany
ISSN: 0011-9571
Article: Reading the existing frabric
Author: Enrique Sobejano, Fuensanta Nieto
Page: 1148 – 1149                                                                                                                                                                                        
 
Book BUILD-ON. 2009
Converted Architecture and Transformed Buildings 
Published by Gestalten Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. Berlin, Germany
ISBN: 978-3-89955-259-1
Page: 22 – 29 
 
Magazine EL VIAJERO. 24.10.2009
Extra Newspaper El País. Madrid, Spain
Article: Seducidos por el arte sacro
Author: Use Lahoz
Page: 2 – 3                                                                                                                                                                       
 
Newspaper EL DÍA DE VALLADOLID. 18.09.2009
Article: González Sinde valora el museo como “El Prado de la escultura"
Author: Marta Recuero
Page: 2
 
Newspaper EL NORTE DE CASTILLA. 18.09.2009
Article: El nuevo museo de escultura inicia la etapa que habrá de consolidar su prestigio
Author: Angélica Tanarro
Page: 56 – 57 
 
Book BUILD-ON. 2009
Converted Architecture and Transformed Buildings 
Published by Gestalten Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. Berlin, Germany
ISBN: 978-3-89955-259-1
Page: 22 – 29
 
Newspaper ABC. 11.07.2009
Artes y letras Castilla y León
Article: El museo colegio de San Gregorio renace en el siglo XXI
Author: Santos de la Peña
Page: 2 – 3
 
Book 10 X 10/3. 100 ARCHITECTS 10 CRITICS. 2009
Published by Phaidon Press Limited. London, UK
ISBN: 9780714849539
Page: 256 – 259
 
Magazine EL CROQUIS nº 142. 2008
Prácticas Arquitectónicas / Architectural practices
Published by El Croquis Editorial. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0212-5633
Page: 6 – 81
 
Newspaper EL PROGRESO. 30.03.08
Article: La cultura ensancha la vida
Author: Europa Press
Page: 75 
 
Newspaper LA VOZ DE GALICIA. 30.03.08
Article: Los Premios Nacionales hacen de Ferrol la capital del arte y las letras
Author: Ramón Loureiro
Page: 32
 
Newspaper LA OPINIÓN. 30.03.08
Article: Los Premios Nacionales reconocen la fuerza creadora y artística española
Author: Editorial Board
Page: 71
 
Newspaper EL PAÍS Galicia. 30.03.08
Article: Molina y Touriño escenifican el bilingüismo gallego
Author: Lorena Bustabad
Page: 7
 
Newspaper EL CORREO GALLEGO. 30.03.08
Article: Los veinte magníficos de la Cultura
Author: Patricia Hermida
Page: 74
 
Newspaper EL FERROL. 30.03.08
Article: Ferrol, epicentro de la cultura española
Author: Luis Polo
Page: 6
 
Magazine FQ Business Magazine nº 20. 2008
Editada por HKN Hakingen Corporation, S.L. Madrid, Spain
Legal Deposit: M-20011-2006
Article: Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Page: 10 – 11
 
Magazine ON DISEÑO nº 288. 2007
Premios FAD 2007 / 2007 FAD Awards
Published by On Diseño, S.L. Barcelona, Spain
ISSN: 0210-2080
Page: 77 
 
Magazine AV MONOGRAFÍAS / MONOGRAPHS nº 123/124. 2007
Spain Yearbook
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0213-487X
Page: 32 – 39
 
Catalogue PREMIOS FAD. 2007
Published by On Diseño, S.L. Barcelona, Spain
ISSN: 1888-2951
Page: 35 – 47
 
Magazine OSACA nº 55. 2007
Published by Ópera Prima Comunicación S.L. Burgos, Spain
Legal Deposit: M-43231-2006
Page: 36 – 37
 
Newspaper EL PAÍS. 22.11.2007 
Article: Un Museo de Valladolid, Premio de Restauración 
Author: Mª José Díaz de Tuesta
Page: 58
 
Magazine ON DISEÑO nº 286. 2007
Published by On Diseño, S.L. Barcelona, Spain
ISSN: 0210-2080
Page: Cover, 134 – 151
 
Magazine FUTURE ARQUITECTURAS nº 6. 2007
Published by Future Arquitecturas, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 1885-8228
Page: 90 – 101
 
Magazine AREA nº 91. 2007
Published by Motta Architettura srl. Milan, Italy
ISSN: 0394-0055
Page: 48 – 59
 
Magazine ARQUITECTURA VIVA nº 110. 2006
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0214-1256
Page: 48 – 49 
 
Magazine ARQUITECTURA VIVA nº 75.  2000
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0214-1256
Page: 33
x

NATIONAL SCULPTURE MUSEUM

Valladolid, Spain 2000-2009

National Prize for Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage. 2007
Prize Arquinfad Members. 2007
Finalist Premios FAD. 2007