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HISTORY MUSEUM

Lugo, Spain 2007-2011

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HISTORY MUSEUM

Lugo, Spain 2007-2011

The urban fabric and natural space often transcend the invisible boundaries separating them, generating fields of influence, areas of interference between architecture and the landscape. This fact, which in large cities is perceived with ever-greater difficulty as a consequence of the territorial scale on which it happens, is quite evident in some smaller populations, in which the agrarian terrain, the rural environment, and the urban center form structures of imprecise character. This is the case in Lugo and the site assigned for the construction of the Interactive Museum of History. The site is located outside the Roman quarter, where the green and hilly terrain of the surrounding fields meets residential zones and old industrial facilities that have been gradually replaced with social, sports, and cultural facilities. Perhaps for that reason, the need to build a museum to present the history of the city through audiovisual means became, for us, an opportunity to explore the links shared by architecture and the landscape. Although the analogy to landscape has become commonplace in contemporary theory and practice, and thus it may perhaps seem forced to assimilate architecture into landscape, this is one of the instances in which we would like to think that the relationship between the two is more than a pretense. Our proposal thus emerged, in essence, like a museum-park or a park-museum, linked to the series of green areas in the city. Concealing the new exhibition spaces below ground, the structure in turn rises in a constellation of cylindrical lanterns scattered across a continuous field. As always happens when trying to formalize an architectural idea -often emerging from an intuition- it is precisely the interpretation of the place that ultimately lends meaning to the decisions leading to the specific answer. The marked unevenness between the east and west extremes of the plot suggested using the highest one as the level of access. This would allow the museum to unfurl its exhibition spaces underground, organized essentially on a single floor that is illuminated by natural light emitted through large circular shafts. A large cylindrical volume, sunken deeply into the terrain, forms the main hall, conceived as a scenic box. From the central courtyard emerge -as abandoned silos- the most unique exhibition halls; these have a greater floor-to-ceiling height and transmit the image of the new building to the exterior. The museum space itself is articulated in a sequence of interior and exterior circular voids, offering many possible itineraries in which the landscape and history seem to express the intimate relationship linking them.
The building’s sensibility toward environmental matters is a consequence of the conception of the project itself. The impact that a large volume would have produced on the ground-level surface is avoided by concealing the building beneath an undulating green layer. The spaces for visitors and museum operations occupy a floor partially buried under the same green roof, which is sympathetic to their thermal inertia, reducing their energy consumption. Above ground, the exhibition towers that emerge from the garden are externally wrapped by lightweight and artificially lit cor-ten steel meshes, which are transformed into a visual installation within the landscape of the new park. On this level, the Museum of History involves the experience of a promenade through a vegetal and metallic landscape. In the ambiguous strip of land formerly occupied by country and industry, visitors now encounter a park whose brightness at night seems to emerge from within the earth, perhaps evoking the images of fields and caves, historic walls and industrial silos, metaphors of a landscape and a culture that the citizens of Lugo have deeply engraved in their memory.
 
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HISTORY MUSEUM

Lugo, Spain 2007-2011

Location
Lugo, Spain
Client
Municipality of Lugo
Architects
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano
Program
Museum and park
Total floor area
4.039 m2
Project architect
Alexandra Sobral
Project team
Bart de Beer, Rocío Domínguez, Vanesa Manrique, Juan Carlos Redondo, Borja Ruiz-Apilánez
Site supervision
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano
Miguel Mesas Izquierdo
Structural engineer
N.B.35, S.L.
Mechanical engineer
3i Ingeniería Industrial, S.L.
Models
Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Juan de Dios Hernández - Jesús Rey
Photographs
Aurofoto, S.L. (models)
Roland Halbe    
Fernando Alda 
Project dates
Competition: 2007
Design: 2009
Completion: 2011
  
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HISTORY MUSEUM

Lugo, Spain 2007-2011

Monograph TC CUADERNOS nº 131/132. 2017
Published by General de Ediciones de Arquitectura. Valencia, Spain
ISBN: 978-84-947421-4-9 
Page: 258 – 273
 
Magazine SUMMA + nº 144. 2015
Published by Donn S.A. Buenos Aires, Argentina
ISSN: 0327-9022
Page: 60 – 69 

Monograph NS. 2014
Fuensanta Nieto Enrique Sobejano Architetture
Published by Electa Architecttura. Milan, Italy
Authors: Fuensanta Nieto & Enrique Sobejano
ISBN: 978-88-9180-228-6
Page: 36 – 47

Monograph NIETO SOBEJANO. MEMORY AND INVENTION. 2013
Published by Hatje Cantz Verlag. Ostfildern, Germany
Authors: Fuensanta Nieto & Enrique Sobejano
ISBN: 978-3-7757-3619-0
Page: 55 – 67

Magazine SPEECH nº 10. 2013
Published by SPEECH Tchoban & Kuznetsov. Moscow, Russia
ISBN: 978-3-86922-071-0
Article: You have to find a balance. Interview Enrique Sobejano
Author: David Cohn
Page: 197 – 225

Monograph WA nº 269. 2012
Nieto Sobejano Architects
Published by World  Architecture Magazine Publications, Beijing, China
ISSN: 1002-4832
Page: 56 – 63

Magazine AREA nº 122. 2012
Published by Il Sole 24 Ore Business Media srl. Milan, Italy
ISSN: 0394-0055
Project: History Museum
Page: Cover, 58 – 69

Magazine ROOM nº 1. 2012
Diseño + Arquitectura + Creación Contemporánea
Published by Room Diseño. Madrid, Spain
Legal Deposit: M-21253-2012
Article: Agujeros llenos de contenido
Author: Irene Porras
Page: 66 – 72

Magazine A+U nº 502. 2012
Published by a+u Published Co., Ltd. Tokyo, Japan
ISSN: 0389-9160
Article: Architecture and Urbanism. Four Practices in Madrid
Author: Editorial Board
Page: 50 – 79

Magazine AV MONOGRAFÍAS / MONOGRAPHS nº153/154. 2012
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0213-487X
Article: Rescoldos Culturales
Author: Editorial Board
Page: 58 – 67

Magazine HÄUSER nº 3. 2012
Published by Gruner + Jahr AG & Co KG. Hamburg, Germany
ISSN: 0724-6528
Page: 12

Magazine BAUMEISTER nº 109. 2012
Published by Verlag Georg D.W. Callwey GmbH. K.G. Munich, Germany
ISSN: 0005-674X
Page: 36 – 41

Magazine IGLOO. HABITAT & ARHITECTURÁ nº 120/121. 2012
Published by Igloomedia. Bucharest, Romania
ISSN: 1583-7688
Page: 65

Magazine ON DISEÑO nº 324. 2011
Published by On Diseño, S.L. Barcelona, Spain
ISSN: 0210-2080
Page: 62 – 71

Magazine MARK nº 35. 2011
Published by Frame Pubishers. Amsterdam, Netherlands
ISSN: 1574-6453
Article: Quietly Brilliant. Nieto Sobejano gains recognition through intellectual rigour
Author: Rafael Gomez-Moriana
Page: 74 – 87

Magazine OTTAGONO nº 245. 2011
Published by Editrice Compositori S.r.l. Bologna, Italy
ISSN: 0391-7487
Article: Memorie nel sottosuolo 
Author: Alessandra Bergamini
Page: 24 – 31

Magazine ARQUITECTURA VIVA nº 138. 2011
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0214-1256
Article: Cilindros de Luz
Author: Editorial Board
Page: 88 – 97

Magazine EQUIPAMIENTOS Y SERVICIOS MUNICIPALES nº 156. 2011
Published by Publiteca, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 1131-6381
Page: 42 – 44

Magazine VIA CONSTRUCCIÓN nº 95. 2011
Published by Grupo Vía. Madrid, Spain
Legal Deposit: GI-06-2003
Page: 32

Magazine BAUWELT nº 39/40. 2011
Published by BertelsmannSpringer Bauverlag GmbH. Gütersloh, Germany
ISSN: 0005-6855
Article: Turm und Grotte
Author: Florian Thein
Page: 22 – 29

Magazine EL PAÍS SEMANAL. 09.10.2011
Extra newspaper Diario El País. Madrid, Spain
Article: Espectáculo en la Periferia
Author: Anatxu Zabalbeascoa
Page: 16

Magazine CONCEPT nº 150. 2011
Published by CA Press. Seoul, Korea
ISSN: 1288-4262
Page: 84 – 97

Magazine C3 nº 325. 2011
Published by C3 Publishing Co. Seoul Korea
ISSN: 1227-611101
Page: 44 – 61

Magazine WALLPAPER nº 151. 2011
Published by IPC Media Ltd. London, UK
ISSN: 1364-4475
Article: Firing on all cylinders
Author: Jonathan Bell, Pei-Ru Keh
Page: 91

Magazine SPACE nº 526. 2011
Published by Lee Sang-leem. Seoul, Korea
ISSN: 1228-2472
Page: 48 – 57

Magazine INTERIOR DESIGN nº 8. 2011
Published by Sandow Media LLC. New York, USA
Article: Industrial Strength
Author: C. C. Sullivan
Page: 123 – 125

Magazine CASABELLA nº 805. 2011
Published by Arnoldo Mondadori. Milan, Italy
ISSN: 0008-7181
Article: Un paesaggio metallico
Author: Giovanna Crespi
Page: 22 – 35

Magazine PASAJES DE ARQUITECTURA Y CRÍTICA nº 116. 2011
Published by América Ibérica. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 1575-1937
Page: 42

Monograph AV MONOGRAFÍAS / MONOGRAPHS nº 146. 2010
Nieto & Sobejano 1999-2011
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0213-487X
Article: El paisaje pedagógico / Pedagogical Landscape
Page: 130 – 139

Magazine EL CROQUIS nº 142. 2008
Prácticas Arquitectónicas / Architectural practices
Published by El Croquis Editorial. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 0212-5633
Page: 74 – 81

Magazine ON DISEÑO nº 291. 2008
Published by On Diseño, S.L. Barcelona, Spain
ISSN: 0210-2080
Page: 62

Magazine FUTURE ARQUITECTURAS nº 11. 2008
Published by Future Arquitecturas, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 1885-8228
Page: 42 – 45

Magazine AV PROYECTOS nº 020. 2007
Published by Arquitectura Viva, S.L. Madrid, Spain
ISSN: 1697-493X
Page: 42 – 43
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HISTORY MUSEUM

Lugo, Spain 2007-2011

Special Mention Architizer A+ Awards. 2013